2021 6

Implementation of the Cluster Policy within the Framework of the Spatial Development Strategy of the Territories of Ukraine

Lazarenko D.
Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor
ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9957-6311

e-mail: yaro_push@yahoo.com
State Tax University, Irpin
Trushkina N.
Phd in Economic Sciences
ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6741-7738

e-mail: nata_tru@ukr.net,
Institute of Industrial Economics of the NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv
Utkin V.
graduate student
ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4087-686Х

e-mail: uvp1307@gmail.com
Institute of Industrial Economics of the NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv

Citation Format
Lazarenko D., Trushkina N., Utkin V. Implementation of the Cluster Policy within the Framework of the Spatial Development Strategy of the Territories of Ukraine. Management of Economy: Theory and Practice. Chumachenko’s Annalscollection of scientific papers / Institute of Industrial Economics of the NAS of Ukraine. Kyiv, 2021. P. 86-105. DOI: https://doi.org/10.37405/2221-1187.2021.86-105

Language
Ukrainian

Resume
The article is devoted to the solution of an actual scientific problem – ensuring the effective implementation of the cluster policy within the framework of the strategy of spatial development of the territories of Ukraine.
The purpose of the study is the theoretical generalization and systematization of existing scientific approaches to the interpretation of the concept of “cluster policy” in the system of the national economy; justification of the author’s approach to determining the essence and content of this category.
On the basis of a critical analysis of the literature, differences in interpretations of cluster policy (concepts, forms, methods), as well as the choice of applied means of implementing cluster policy (mechanisms, incentives, tools of influence) were revealed. It should be emphasized that, for the most part, scientists interpret cluster policy as a system of relations; activities of state authorities; cluster support activities; a number of political measures; a set of measures that contribute to increasing the competitiveness of the national economy; part of the industrial policy; component of regional policy; an element of science, technology and innovation policy; priority of regional economic policy; a separate policy with a clear strategy and budget; an element of economic development strategies.
The author’s interpretation of cluster policy is proposed as a system of state and public measures and mechanisms for supporting cluster structures and cluster initiatives, which ensure an increase in the level of competitiveness of regions, enterprises included in the cluster, the development of institutions that stimulate the creation of clusters and contribute to the activation of innovative activities.
It was established that the key goal of cluster policy implementation is the creation of conditions for the formation and development of clusters as a basis for realizing the competitive advantages of the territories of economic districts, increasing the level of competitiveness of national and regional economies and the investment attractiveness of Ukraine.
The main principles of cluster policy formation in Ukraine are multi-level policy formation; economic stimulation of network cooperation in clusters; organizational stimulation of network cooperation in clusters on the basis of public-private partnership; support of competitive clusters.
For the effective implementation of cluster policy in Ukraine, it is necessary to: 1) include this type of policy in the list of national and regional priorities of socio-economic development and create an appropriate high-quality legislative and regulatory framework; 2) apply the concept of frugal innovations for successful organizational development of cluster formations; 3) strengthen international cooperation in order to stimulate the cluster’s active participation in changing its institutional environment, promoting the spread of progressive ideas and technologies; 4) to form an appropriate information environment of the cluster with the aim of stimulating joint research projects, including with the participation of leading institutions of higher education and research institutions, promoting the improvement of the efficiency of communications and interaction in the cluster.

Keywords
national economy, regional economy, spatial development, cluster approach, clustering of the economy, cluster policy, cluster structure, types of policy, principles, mechanisms, system, strategy, programming, management functions, institutional support, legal regulation, financial support, competitive advantages of territories, competitiveness, effectiveness, efficiency.

Referensces

  1. Trushkina, N., Shyposha, V. (2021). Cluster Initiatives as a Mechanism for Modernizing the National Economy: Adaptation of European Practice. Moderní aspekty vědy: XІV Díl mezinárodní kolektivní monografie. (рр. 590-601). Česká republika: Mezinárodní Ekonomický Institut s.r.o.
  2. Drachuk, Yu.Z., Trushkina, N.V., Shyposha, V.A. (2021). Zastosuvannia mizhnarodnoho dosvidu formuvannia klasternykh struktur u suchasnykh umovakh rehionalnoho rozvytku Ukrainy [Application of international experience in the formation of cluster structures in modern conditions of regional development of Ukraine]. Naukovyi visnyk Mizhnarodnoho humanitarnoho universytetu. Ser.: Ekonomika i menedzhment – Scientific Bulletin of the International Humanitarian University. Ser.: Economics and management, Issue 50, рр. 18-30. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32841/2413-2675/2021-50-2 [in Ukrainian].
  3. Trushkina, N., Shyposha, V. (2021). Clustering of the national economy as an effective tool for the sustainable development of European Countries. Three Seas Economic Journal, Vol. 2, No. 4, рр. 63-70. DOI: https://doi.org/10.30525/2661-5150/2021-4-11.
  4. Liashenko, V., Trushkina, N. (2021). Cross-border transport and logistics cluster as an effective form of cooperation between the regions of Ukraine and Visegrad Four. Visegrad Group: a form of establishment and development of European integration: collective monograph / edited by A. Krysovatyy, T. Shengelia; Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, West Ukrainian National University. (рр. 265-288). Tbilisi, Publishing House “Universal”.
  5. Liashenko, V., Trushkina, N. (2021). Institutional Principles of Formation of Cross-border Transport and Logistics Cluster in the Conditions of Digital and Sustainable Development. Green, Blue & Digital Economy Journal, Vol. 2, No. 3, рр. 90-100. DOI: https://doi.org/10.30525/2661-5169/2021-3-14
  6. Ivanov, S. V., Liashenko, V. I., Trushkina, N. V. (2020). Pravovi aspekty stvorennia transportno-lohistychnykh klasteriv v rehionakh Ukrainy [Legal aspects of creation of transport and logistics clusters in the regions of Ukraine]. Gesellschaftsrechtliche Transformationen von wirtschaftlichen Systemen in den Zeiten der Neo-Industrialisierung: Collective monograph. (рр. 661-668). Nüremberg, Verlag SWG imex GmbH [in Ukrainian].
  7. Trushkina, N., Dzwigol, H., Kwilinski, A. (2021). Cluster Model of Organizing Logistics in the Region (on the Example of the Economic District “Podillya”). Journal of European Economy, Vol. 20, No. 1, рр. 127-145. DOI: https://doi.org/10.35774/jee2021.01.127
  8. Liashenko, V. I., Osadcha, N. V., Trushkina, N. V. (2021). Mozhlyvi orhanizatsiino-pravovi formy transportno-lohistychnoho klasteru v Prychornomorskomu ekonomichnomu raioni [Possible organizational and legal forms of transport and logistics cluster in the Black Sea economic region]. Prychornomorski ekonomichni studiiBlack Sea Economic Studies, Issue 67, рр. 60-70. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32843/bses.67-10 [in Ukrainian].
  9. Pushak, H.I., Trushkina, N.V. (2021). Obgruntuvannia dotsilnosti stvorennia transportno-lohistychnoho klasteru v Karpatskomu ekonomichnomu raioni [Justification of the feasibility of creating a transport and logistics cluster in the Carpathian Economic Region]. Ekonomichnyi visnyk Donbasu – Economic Herald of the Donbas, 1(63), рр. 61-77. DOI: https://doi.org/10.12958/1817-3772-2021-1(63)-61-77 [in Ukrainian].
  10. Liashenko, V., Trushkina, N. (2021). Rehionalni osoblyvosti formuvannia transportno-lohistychnykh klasteriv v ekonomichnykh raionakh Ukrainy [Regional features of the formation of transport and logistics clusters in economic regions of Ukraine]. Economic and Legal Principles of Economic Growth in the Post-Crisis Period: collective monograph / Edited by Yu. Pasichnyk; Academy of Economic Science of Ukraine. (рр. 113-134). Austria, Steyr: Shioda GmbH [in Ukrainian].
  11. Liashenko, V., Ivanov, S., Trushkina, N. (2021). A Conceptual Approach to Forming a Transport and Logistics Cluster as a Component of the Region’s Innovative Infrastructure (on the Example of Prydniprovsky Economic Region of Ukraine). Virtual Economics, Vol. 4, No. 1, рр. 19-53. DOI: https://doi.org/10.34021/ve.2021.04.01(2)
  12. Prokopyshyn, O., Pushak, H., Trushkina, N. (2021). Orhanizatsiino-ekono­michnyi mekhanizm upravlinnia rozvytkom klasternykh struktur v ahropromyslovomu kompleksu ekonomichnykh raioniv Ukrainy [Organizational and economic mechanism of managing the development of cluster structures in the agro-industrial complex of economic regions of Ukraine]. Věda a perspektivy, 7(7), рр. 175-188. DOI: https://doi.org/10.52058/2695-1592-2021-7(7)-175-188 [in Ukrainian].
  13. Lazarenko, D. (2016). Socioeconomic indicators of energy-efficient development of the region. European Cooperation, Vol. 8, No. 15, рр. 88-93.
  14. Trushkina. N., Pahlevanzade. A., Pahlevanzade. A., Maslennikov. Ye. (2021). Conceptual provisions of the transformation of the national energy system of Ukraine in the context of the European Green Deal. Polityka Energetyczna – Energy Policy Journal, Vol. 24, Iss. 4, рр. 121-138. DOI: https://doi.org/10.33223/epj/144861
  15. Borodina, O., Trushkina, N. (2021). The cluster approach to the digitalization of public governancein the regional strategy: international practice and Ukrainian realities. Economics & Education, Vol. 6, Iss. 4, рр. 12-22. DOI: https://doi.org/10.30525/2500-946X/2021-4-2
  16. Yurchak, O. (2020). Shcho neobkhidno dlia rozvytku klasteriv v Ukraini [What is necessary for the development of clusters in Ukraine]. GMK Center, October 15. Retrieved from https://gmk.center/ua/opinion/shho-neobhidno-dlya-rozvitku-klasteriv-v-ukraini/
  17. Chuzhykov, V.I., Lukianenko, O.D. (2013). Klasterna polityka Yevro­peiskoho Soiuzu [Cluster policy of the European Union]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 2(615), рр. 81-91 [in Ukrainian].
  18. Porter, M. E. (1985). Competitive advantage. New York, Free press; London: Collier Macmillan. 592 р.
  19. Devlin, G., Bleackley, M. (1988). Strategic Alliances Guidelines for success. Long Range Planning, Vol. 21, No. 5, рр. 18-23. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0024-6301(88)90101-X
  20. Enright, M. J. (1992). Why Clusters are the Way to Win the Game? World link, 5, July – August, рр. 24-25. DOI: http://doi.org/10.12691/ijefm-3-1-2
  21. Swann, G. M. P., Preveser, M. A. (1996). Comparison of the Dynamics of Industrial Clustering in Computing and Biotechnology. Research Policy, Vol. 25, No. 7, рр. 1139-1157.
  22. Porter, M. E. (1998). Clusters and New Economics of Competition. Harward Business Review, November – December, рр. 77-90.
  23. Feser, E. J. (1998). Old and New Theories of Industry Clusters. London, SelectedWorks. 28 p.
  24. Dussauge, P., Garrette, B., Mitchell, W. (2000). Learning from competing partners: Outcomes and durations of scale and link alliances in Europe, North America and Asia. Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 21, No. 2, рр. 99-103.
  25. Delgado, M., Porter, M., Stem, S. (2010). Clusters and Entrepreneurship. Journal of Economic Geography, Vol. 10, No. 4, рр. 495-518.
  26. Zrobek, J. (2011). Marketing w klastrach logistycznych [Marketing in logistics clusters]. Acta Universitatis Lodziennsis. Folia Oeconomica, Nо. 251, рр. 5-16 [in Polish].
  27. Szuster, M. (2012). Rola klastrow we wspieraniu innowacyjnosci [The role of clusters in innovation supporting]. Ekonomiczne Problemy Uslug, No. 94, рр. 311-325 [in Polish].
  28. Kruczek, M., Zebrucki, Z. (2014). Koncepcja klastrow logistycznych [The concept of logistics clusters]. Zeszyty naukowe Politechniki Slaskiej. Seria: Organizacja i zarzadzanie, No. 70, рр. 229-241 [in Polish].
  29. Frankowska, M. (2015). Klastry logistyczne jako ogniwa globalnych lancuchow dostaw [Logistics clusters as a link of global supply chains]. Logistyka, No. 3, рр. 5633-5637 [in Polish].
  30. Benner, M. (2017). Smart specialization and cluster emergence: Elements of evolutionary regional policies. The Life Cycle of Clusters: A Policy Perspective / Edited by D. Fornahl, R. Hassink. (рр. 151-172). UK, Edward Elgar Publishing.
  31. Morgulis-Yakushev, S., Sölvell, Ö. (2017). Enhancing dynamism in clusters: A model for evaluating cluster organizations’ bridge-building activities across cluster gaps. Competitiveness Review, Vol. 27, No. 2, рр. 98-112. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/CR-02-2016-0015
  32. Kowalski, A. M. (2020). Towards an Asian Model of Clusters and Cluster Policy: The Super Cluster Strategy. Journal of Competitiveness, No 12(4), рр. 74-90. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7441/joc.2020.04.05
  33. Fornahl, D., Grashof, N. (2021). The Globalization of Regional Clusters. Between Localization and Internationalization. Cheltenham, UK, Edward Elgar Publishing. 240 p. DOI: http://dx.doi.org.10.4337/9781839102486
  34. Hassink, R. (2021). Strategic cluster coupling. The Globalization of Regional Clusters. Between Localization and Internationalization / Edited by D. Fornahl, N. Grashof. (рр. 15-32). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  35. Castells, M. (2010). The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture. Vol. 1: The Rise of the Network Society (with a New Preface). 2nd ed. Oxford, Wiley Blackwell. 656 p.
  36. Etzkowitz, H. (2008). The Triple Helix: University-Industry-Government Innovation in Action. 1st ed. New York, Routledge. 180 p. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203929605
  37. Etzkowitz, H., Zhou, Ch. (2018). The Triple Helix: University–Industry–Government Innovation and Entrepreneurship. 2nd ed. New York, Routledge. 342 p.
  38. Etzkowitz, H., Leydesdorff, L. (1995). The Triple Helix – University-Industry Government Relations: A Laboratory for Knowledge-Based Economic Development. EASST Review, Vol. 14, No. 1, рр. 14-19.
  39. Leydesdorff, L. (2012). The Triple Helix, Quadruple Helix, …, and an N-Tuple of Helices: Explanatory Models for Analyzing the Knowledge-Based Economy? Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Vol. 3, Iss. 1, рр. 25-35. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13132-011-0049-4
  40. Ketels, C. (2004). Clusters of Innovation in Europe. Structural Change in Europe 3 – Innovative City and Business Regions, рр. 1-5. Bollschweil, Hagbarth Publications.
  41. Ketels, C., Memedovic, O. (2008). From Clusters to Cluster‐Based Economic Development. International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation, and Development, Vol. 1, рр. 375-392.
  42. Orvedal, L. (2002). Industrial clusters, asymmetric information and policy design. Discussion Paper, No. 25, рр. 1-17.
  43. Sokolenko, S. I. (2004). Klastery v hlobalnii ekonomitsi [Clusters in the global economy]. Kyiv, Lohos. 848 р. [in Ukrainian].
  44. Voynarenko. M. P. (2018). Clusters in the institutional economics: monograph. Schweinfurt, Germany, Time Realities Scientific Group UG (Haftungsbeschränkt). 276 p.
  45. Voinarenkо, M. P., Dubnytskyi, V. I. (Eds.). (2019). Teoriia i praktyka klasteryzatsii ekonomiky [Theory and practice of clustering of the economy]. Kamianets-Podilskyi, Aksioma. 336 р. [in Ukrainian].
  46. Zahorskyi, V. S., Kyzym, M. O., Khaustova, V. Ye. (2010). Klasteryzatsiia ekonomik krain svitu y Ukrainy: dosvid i problemy [Clustering of economies of the world and Ukraine: experience and problems]. Problemy ekonomiky – Problems of the economy, 2010, 1, рр. 3-7 [in Ukrainian].
  47. Kyzym, O. M. (2011). Promyslova polityka ta klasterizatsiia ekonomiky Ukrainy [Industrial policy and clustering of Ukraine’s economy]. Kharkiv, Inzhek [in Ukrainian].
  48. Kyzym, M.O., Khaustova, V.Ye. (2012). Ukrainskyi dosvid formuvannia klasternykh struktur [Ukrainian experience of forming cluster structures]. Problemy ekonomiky – Problems of the economy, No. 1, рр. 3-11 [in Ukrainian].
  49. Liashenko, V. I., Kotov, Ye. V. (2015). Ukraina ХХI: neoindustrialna derzhava abo «krakh proektu»? [Ukraine XXI: neo-industrial state or “collapse of the project”?]. Kyiv, ІІЕ of NAS of Ukraine; Poltava University of Economics and Trade. 196 р. [in Ukrainian].
  50. Andrushkiv, B. M. (2013). Vplyv ekonomichnoho potentsialu rehionu na rozvytok klasternykh obiednan pidpryiemstv [Influence of economic potential of the region on the development of cluster associations of enterprises]. Ekonomichnyi prostir Economic space, Issue 79, рр. 46-54. Dnipro, PDABA [in Ukrainian].
  51. Ilchuk, V. P., Khomenko, I. O., Lysenko, I. V. (2013). Klasterna stratehiia ekonomiky rehionu [Cluster strategy of the region’s economy]. Chernihiv, ChSTU. 367 р. [in Ukrainian].
  52. 5Mamonova, V. V., Kuts, Yu. O., Makarenko, O. M. et al. (2013). Formuvannia terytorialnykh klasteriv yak instrumentu rehionalnoho rozvytku [Formation of territorial clusters as a tool of regional development]. Kyiv, NAPA [in Ukrainian].
  53. Ryneiska, L. S. (2016). Klastery u suchasnii hlobalnii ekonomitsi [Clusters in the modern global economy]. Efektyvna ekonomika Efficient economy, 5. Retrieved from http://www.economy.nayka.com.ua/?op=1&z=4971 (last accessed 21.02.2021) [in Ukrainian].
  54. Kudriavets, Ye.V. (2016). Zasady yevropeiskoi polityky stvorennia innovatsiinykh klasteriv ta pohlyblenoi vzaiemodii z Ukrainoiu [Principles of the European policy of creating innovation clusters and in-depth cooperation with Ukraine]. Investytsii: praktyka ta dosvid Investments: practice and experience, 5, рр. 64-72 [in Ukrainian].
  55. Vasylkivskyi, D. M., Voinarenko, M. P., Nyzhnyk, V. M. (2017). Klasterna polityka yak chynnyk pidvyshchennia efektyvnosti funktsionuvannia sotsialno-ekonomichnykh system [Cluster Policy as a Factor in Increasing the Efficiency of Social and Economic Systems]. Visnyk ekonomichnoi nauky Ukrainy, 1, рр. 25-30 [in Ukrainian].
  56. Hudz, P.V. (2017). Teoretychne obgruntuvannia praktychnoi realizatsii klasternoi polityky v rehioni [Theoretical justification of the practical implementation of the cluster policy in the region]. Visnyk Berdianskoho universytetu menedzhmentu i biznesu Bulletin of the Berdyan University of Management and Business, 4(40), рр. 68-74 [in Ukrainian].
  57. Shevtsova, H. Z., Shvets, N. V. (2017). Klasteryzatsiia khimichnoi promyslovosti: yevropeiskyi dosvid ta uroky dlia Ukrainy [Clustering of the chemical industry: European experience and lessons for Ukraine]. Visnyk ekonomichnoi nauky Ukrainy, 2(33), рр. 103-109 [in Ukrainian].
  58. Finahina, O. V., Boiko, A. I., Plaksiuk, O. O. (2017). Teoretychni zasady klasternoi ekonomiky: pytannia balansuvannia ta harmonizatsii ekonomichnykh interesiv [Theoretical principles of cluster economy: issues of balancing and harmonization of economic interests]. Transformatsiini peretvorennia ekonomichnykh system: vyklyky suchasnosti [Transformational transformations of economic systems: challenges of the present]. (рр. 201-213). Kyiv, Condor Publishing House [in Ukrainian].
  59. Hridniev, M. A. (2018). Kharakterni rysy klasteroutvorennia v rehionakh Ukrainy [Characteristic features of cluster formation in the regions of Ukraine]. Ekonomika i suspilstvo – Economy and society, Issue 14, рр. 588-596 [in Ukrainian].
  60. Pankova, L. I., Potapenko, T. P. (2018). Formuvannia klasternykh modelei natsionalnykh ekonomik na zasadakh stymuliuvannia rehionalnoho rozvytku [Formation of cluster models of national economies on the basis of stimulating regional development]. Ekonomika i orhanizatsiia upravlinnia – Economics and organization of management, 2(30), рр. 47-56 [in Ukrainian].
  61. Sarana, L.A., Lutsenko, N.O. (2018). Klasterna polityka yak instrument pidvyshchennia konkurentospromozhnosti ekonomiky rehionu [Cluster policy as a tool for increasing the competitiveness of the regional economy]. Pryazovskyi ekonomichnyi visnyk Pryazovsky Economic Bulletin, Issue 3(08), рр. 107-110 [in Ukrainian].
  62. Hrudnytska, S. M., Nestyrenko, L. A. (2018). Pravovi osnovy klasternoi samoorhanizatsii i samorehuliuvannia enerhoprostoru [Legal bases of cluster self-organization and self-regulation of energy space]. Forum Prava – Forum Law, 53(5), рр. 13-27 [in Ukrainian]. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2527932 [in Ukrainian].
  63. Repp, H. I. (2018). Analiz klasternoho rozvytku rehioniv Ukrainy stanom na 2018 rik [Analysis of cluster development of the regions of Ukraine as of 2018]. Visnyk Natsionalnoi akademii derzhavnoho upravlinnia. Ser.: Derzhavne upravlinnia – Bulletin of the National Academy of Public Administration. Ser.: Public Administration, 3(90), рр. 85-90 [in Ukrainian].
  64. Maslak, O. O. (2018). Systemy klasteryzatsii natsionalnoi ekonomiky: formuvannia rozvytok ta derzhavne upravlinnia [Systems of clustering of national economy: formation of development and public administration]. Lviv, Lviv Polytechnic Publishing House [in Ukrainian].
  65. Solokha, D., Bieliakova, O. (2018). Innovatsiini zasady formuvannia klasternoi modeli rehionalnoho rozvytku natsionalnoi ekonomiky Ukrainy [Innovative bases of formation of cluster model of regional development of national economy of Ukraine]. Sotsialno-ekonomichnyi rozvytok rehioniv v konteksti mizhnarodnoi intehratsii Socio-economic development of regions in the context of international integration, 31(20), Vol. 1, рр. 11-15 [in Ukrainian].
  66. Dmukhovski, R. (2019). Poniattia lohistychnykh klasteriv ta efektyvnosti ekonomichnykh pidpryiemstv [The concept of logistics clusters and efficiency of economic enterprises.]. Zhurnal yevropeiskoi ekonomiky – Journal of European Economy, Vol. 18, No. 3(70), рр. 296-306. DOI: https://doi.org/10.35774/jec2019.03.351 [in Ukrainian].
  67. Fostolovych, V. A. (2019). Klastery yak efektyvna model suchasnoho biznesu [Clusters as an effective model of modern business]. Efektyvna ekonomika Efficient economy, 5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32702/2307-2105-2019.5.13 [in Ukrainian].
  68. Samiilenko, H. M. (2019). Klasterni struktury rehioniv Ukrainy: teoretychni aspekty, problemy ta perspektyvy praktychnoho vprovadzhennia [Cluster structures of regions of Ukraine: theoretical aspects, problems and prospects of practical implementation]. Problemy ta perspektyvy ekonomiky ta upravlinnia Problems and prospects of economics and management, 1, рр. 155-165. DOI: https://doi.org/10.25140/2411-5215-2019-1(17)-155-165 [in Ukrainian].
  69. Shashyna, M.V. (2020). Instytutsiine zabezpechennia rozvytku prostorovykh form orhanizatsii biznesu v Ukraini [Institutional support for the development of spatial forms of business organization in Ukraine]. Naukovyi visnyk Mizhnarodnoho humanitarnoho universytetu. Ser.: Ekonomika i menedzhment – Scientific Bulletin of the International Humanitarian University. Ser.: Economics and management, Issue 42, рр. 148-153. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32841/2413-2675/2020-42-26 [in Ukrainian]
  70. Samborskyi, O. V., Hlasov, P. V. (2021). Suchasna klasterna polityka Ukrainy: problemy ta perspektyvy [Modern cluster policy of Ukraine: problems and prospects]. Agrosvit, 11, рр. 57-64. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32702/2306-6792.2021.11.57 [in Ukrainian].
  71. Dombrovsky, M.A. (2011). Metodologicheskiye problemy ekonomicheskoy klasterizatsii [Methodological problems of economic clustering]. Problemy sovremennoy ekonomiki Problems of modern economy, No. 2, рр. 241-245 [in Russian].
  72. Levkovets, E.N. (2011). Rol’ gosudarstva v klasterizatsii ekonomiki: teoretiko-metodologicheskiy aspekt [The role of the state in the clustering of the economy: theoretical and methodological aspect]. Business Inform, No. 1, рр. 136-143 [in Russian].
  73. Yasheva, H.A. (2016). Klasternyi pidkhid v innovatsiinomu rozvytku ekonomiky: kontseptualni osnovy i napriamky realizatsii [Cluster approach in the innovative development of the economy: conceptual foundations and implementation directions]. Ekonomichnyi visnyk universytetu Economic Bulletin of the University, Issue 29/1, рр. 46-56 [in Ukrainian].
  74. Petrov, A.P. (2013). Zakonomernosti formirovaniya regional’nykh klasternykh intsiativ [Patterns of formation of regional cluster initiatives]. Ekonomika regiona Economy of the region, No. 1, рр. 133-142 [in Russian].
  75. Fonotov, A.G., Bergal, O.E. (2020). Territorial’nyye klastery v sisteme prostranstvennogo razvitiya: zarubezhnyy opyt [Territorial clusters in the system of spatial development: foreign experience]. Prostranstvennaya ekonomika – Spatial economics, Vol. 16. No. 4, рр. 113-135. DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.14530/se.2020.4.113-135 [in Russian].

Full Text .pdf