2020 3

Institutional principles of creation and functioning of industrial parks at the level of territorial communities in the conditions of decentralization and smart specialization

V.І. Liashenko,
Doctor of Economic Sciences, professor
ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6302-0605
e-mail: slaval.aenu@gmail.com;

N.V. Trushkina,
Phd in Economic Sciences
ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6741-7738
e-mail: nata_tru@ukr.net,
Institute of Industrial Economics of the NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv

Citation Format
Liashenko V., Trushkina N. Institutional principles of creation and functioning of industrial parks at the level of territorial communities in the conditions of decentralization and smart specialization. Management of Economy: Theory and Practice. Chumachenko’s Annalscollection of scientific papers / Institute of Industrial Economics of the NAS of Ukraine. Kyiv, 2020. P. 32-67. DOI: https://doi.org/10.37405/2221-1187.2020.32-67

Language
Ukrainian

Resume
At present, the industrial park as an effective mechanism for the implementation of the regional economy needs transformational transformations and modernization changes in industrial production, which will help increase the competitiveness and sustainable development of local communities.
The purpose of this study is to develop proposals for institutional support for the formation and operation of industrial parks at the level of integrated territorial communities in a decentralized and smart specialization, taking into account existing international practice. To achieve this goal, methods of analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction, comparison, system approach, systematization, structural and logical generalization were used.
The article studies and summarizes the international experience of creation and development of industrial parks. The tax and customs privileges provided to industrial parks in different countries of the world are defined. The legal aspects of creation and functioning of industrial parks in Ukraine are analyzed. The main barriers that hinder the formation and localization of industrial parks at the level of united territorial communities have been identified. The structural and logical scheme of the concept of creation and functioning of industrial parks in Ukraine is constructed.
Regional development strategies for 2021-2027 are considered. Based on the analysis, it is established that in a significant number of strategic documents the priority areas include accelerating the achievement of competitiveness and innovation of the region’s economy on the basis of smart specialization. Regional strategies do not address the creation of appropriate conditions for the formation of the institutional environment for the development of industrial parks. Therefore, it is advisable to make changes and additions to the Strategies of regional development until 2027, the content of which is to include a set of measures to intensify the development of industrial production and the formation of a network of industrial parks. An analysis of the financing of industrial parks in Ukraine has been performed. Proposals are provided, the implementation of which will improve the institutional and investment-financial support for the creation and development of industrial parks at the level of territorial communities.

Keywords
regional economy, industrial park, industrial policy, institutional support, regional development strategies, innovation, investment resources, financial instruments, tax preferences, innovation ecosystem, innovation infrastructure, logistics infrastructure, competitiveness, local government, smart decentralization specialization, modernization, components of the effect.

Referensces

  1. Pavliuk, A.P. et al. (2014). Industrialni parky v Ukraini: udoskonalennia polityky stymuliuvannia u konteksti svitovoho dosvidu [Industrial parks in Ukraine: improving incentive policy in the context of world experience]. Kyiv, NISS [in Ukrainian].
  2. Pyatinkin, S.F., Bykova, T.P. (2008). Razvitiye klasterov: sushchnost’, aktual’nyye podkhody, zarubezhnyy opyt [Cluster development: essence, current approaches, foreign experience]. Minsk, Tesey [in Russian].
  3. Hasanov, M.A., Kanov, V.I. (2013). Klaster kak strukturnyy institut konku­rentosposobnosti ekonomiki [Cluster as a structural institution of the competitiveness of the economy]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ser.: Ekonomika – Bulletin of Tomsk State University. Ser .: Economy, 4(24), рр. 13-21 [in Russian].
  4. Devlin, G., Bleackley, M. (1988). Strategic Alliances Guidelines for success. Long Range Planning, Vol. 21, No. 5, рр. 18-23.
  5. Swann, G.M.P., Preveser, M.A. (1996). Comparison of the Dynamics of Industrial Clustering in Computing and Biotechnology. Research Policy, Vol. 25, No. 7, рр. 1139-1157.
  6. Feser, E.J.(1998). Old and New Theories of Industry Clusters. London, SelectedWorks. 28 p.
  7. Feldman, V.P., Audretsch, D.B. (1999). Innovation in Cities: Science based Diversity. Specialization and Localized Competition – European Economic Review, Vol. 43, рр. 409-429.
  8. Dussauge, P., Garrette, B., Mitchell, W. (2000). Learning from competing partners: Outcomes and durations of scale and link alliances in Europe, North America and Asia. Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 21, No. 2, рр. 99-103. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0266(200002)21:2<99::AID-SMJ80>3.0.CO;2-G.
  9. Dźwigoł, H. (2019). Research methods and techniques in new management trends: research results. Virtual Economics, Vol. 2, Issue 1, рр. 31-48. doi: https://doi.org/10.34021/ve.2019.02.01(2).
  10. Dzwigol, H. (2020). Innovation in Marketing Research: Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis. Marketing and Management of Innovations, 1, рр. 128-135. doi: http://doi.org/10.21272/mmi.2020.1-10.
  11. Dzwigol, H. (2020). Methodological and Empirical Platform of Triangulation in Strategic Management. Academy of Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 19, Issue 4, рр. 1-8.
  12. Dźwigoł, H. (2020). Interim Management as a New Approach to the Company Management. Review of Business and Economics Studies, Vol. 8, No. 1, рр. 20-26. doi: https://doi.org/10.26794/2308-944X-2020-8-1-20-26.
  13. Dźwigoł, H., Dźwigoł-Barosz, M. (2018). Scientific research methodology in management sciences. Financial and credit activity: problems of theory and practice, Vol. 2, No. 25, рр. 424-437.
  14. Dzwigol, H., Dzwigol-Barosz, M. (2020). Sustainable Development of the Company on the Basis of Expert Assessment of the Investment Strategy. Academy of Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 19, Issue 5, рр. 1-7.
  15. Dzwigol, H., Dźwigoł–Barosz, M., Kwilinski, A. (2020). Formation of Global Competitive Enterprise Environment Based on Industry 4.0 Concept. International Journal of Entrepreneurship, Vol. 24, No. 1, рр. 1-5.
  16. Prokopenko, Z.V. (2016). Cluster strategy of regional development: essence, the benefits of the practice of institutional support. Regional economy and management, Vol. 4, No. 48, Article 4846. Retrieved from https://eee-region.ru/article/4846/.
  17. Pankova, L.I., Potapenko, T.P. (2018). Formuvannia klasternykh modelei natsionalnykh ekonomik na zasadakh stymuliuvannia rehionalnoho rozvytku [Formation of cluster models of national economies on the basis of stimulating regional development]. Ekonomika i orhanizatsiia upravlinnia – Economics and organization of management, 2(30), рр. 47-56 [in Ukrainian].
  18. Voinarenko, M.P. (2011). Klastery v instytutsiinii ekonomitsi [Clusters in institutional economics]. Khmelnytskyi, KhNU, «Triada-M» [in Ukrainian].
  19. Ryneiska, L.S. (2016). Klastery u suchasnii hlobalnii ekonomitsi [Clusters in the modern global economy]. Efektyvna ekonomika – Efficient economy, 5. Retrieved from http://www.economy.nayka.com.ua/op=1&z=4971 [in Ukrainian].
  20. Hridniev, M.A. (2017). Kontseptualni zasady harmonizatsii rehionalnykh ekonomichnykh interesiv klasteroutvorennia v Ukraini [Conceptual bases of harmonization of regional economic interests of cluster formation in Ukraine]. Visnyk Cherkaskoho universytetu. Ser.: Ekonomichni nauky – Bulletin of Cherkasy University. Ser .: Economic Sciences, Issue 4(2), рр. 29-36 [in Ukrainian].
  21. Ilchuk, V.P., Khomenko, I.O., Lysenko, I.V. (2013). Klasterna stratehiia ekonomiky rehionu [Cluster strategy of the region’s economy]. Chernihiv, ChSTU [in Ukrainian].
  22. Amosha, O.I., Zemliankin, A.I., Pidorycheva, I.Yu. (2015). Udoskonalennia systemy upravlinnia innovatsiiamy yak umova pryskorennia strukturnykh reform v Ukraini [Іmproving the innovation management system as a condition for accelerating structural reforms in Ukraine]. Ekonomika Ukrainy – Economy of Ukraine, 9, рр. 49-65 [in Ukrainian].
  23. Vyshnevskyi, V. P., Viietska, O. V., Viietskyi, O. A. et al. (2019). Smart-promyslovist: napriamy stanovlennia, problemy i rishennia [Smart industry: directions of formation, problems and solutions]. Kyiv, IІЕ of NAS of Ukraine. 464 p. [in Ukrainian].
  24. Heiets, V. (2008). Klastery i merezhevi struktury v ekonomitsi – tema dosyt tsikava, ale na sohodni shche ne do kintsia vyvchena [Clusters and network structures in the economy – a topic quite interesting, but not yet fully understood]. Ekonomist – Economist, 10, рр. 10-11 [in Ukrainian].
  25. Zaloznova, Yu. (2018). Problems of formation of the neoindustrial model for industry development in Ukraine. Науковий вісник Полісся, 1 (13), part 1, рр. 115-122. doi: https://doi.org/10.25140/2410-9576-2018-1-1(13)-115-122.
  26. Ivanov, S. V., Liashenko, V. I., Trushkina, N. V. (2019). Innovatsiinyi rozvytok transportno-lohistychnoi systemy v Ukraini: problemy ta shliakhy yikh vyrishennia [Innovative development of the transport and logistics system in Ukraine: problems and solutions]. In: Liashenko V. I., Prokopenko O. V., Omelyanenko V. A. (Ed.). Instytutsionalna model innovatsiinoi ekonomiky [Institutional model of innovative economy] (pp. 114-130). Kyiv, IІЕ of NAS of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].
  27. Ivanov, S., Dzwigol, H., Trushkina, N. (2019). Proposals for the Formation of a Transport and Logistics Cluster as an Institution of Regional Development (on the Example of Donetsk Economic Region). Economic Herald of the Donbas, 4(58), рр. 51-60. doi: https://doi.org/10.12958/1817-3772-2019-4(58)-51-60.
  28. Kindzerskyi, Yu.V. (2018). Stymuliuvannia tekhnolohichnykh i orhani­zatsiinykh innovatsii v promyslovosti: priorytety ta zasoby polityky derzhavy [Stimulation of technological and organizational innovations in industry: priorities and means of state policy]. Kontsepty innovatsiinoho rozvytku pidpryiemnytstva – Concepts of innovative development of entrepreneurship. (рр. 107-119). Kyiv, NaUKMA [in Ukrainian].
  29. Kravchenko, S.I. (2019). Stratehuvannia rozvytku innovatsiinoi systemy Ukrainy v umovakh hlobalizatsii svitovoho ekonomichnoho prostoru [Strategizing the development of Ukraine’s innovation system in the context of globalization of the world economic space]. Instytutsionalna transformatsiia rozvytku ekonomiky Ukrainy – Institutional transformation of economic development of Ukraine. (пп. 55-71). Kherson, Helvetica Publishing House [in Ukrainian].
  30. Lіashenko, V.I. (2012). Finansovo-regulyatornyye rezhimy stimulirovaniya ekonomicheskogo razvitiya: vvedeniye v ekonomicheskuyu rezhimologiyu [Financial and regulatory regimes for stimulating economic development: an introduction to economic regimeology]. Donetsk, IІЕ of NAS of Ukraine [in Russian].
  31. Alymov, O.M., Amosha, O.I., Liashenko, V.I. et al. (2014). Pershyi etap modernizatsii ekonomiky Ukrainy: dosvid ta problemy [The first stage of modernization of the economy of Ukraine: experience and problems]. Zaporizhzhia, СPU [in Ukrainian].
  32. Liashenko, V.I., Pidorycheva, I.Yu. (2017). Rehionalni naukovi tsentry NAN Ukrainy ta MON Ukrainy yak yadro rozbudovy rehionalnykh innovatsiinykh system v umovakh detsentralizatsii [Regional research centers of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine as the core of development of regional innovation systems in the conditions of decentralization]. Ekonomichnyi visnyk Donbasu – Economic Herald of the Donbas, 1 (47), рр. 13-20 [in Ukrainian].
  33. Omelianenko, V.A. (2020). Kontseptualni osnovy naukovo-metodychnoho pidkhodu do heopolitychnoho analizu mizhnarodnoho innovatsiino-tekhnolohichnoho spivrobitnytstva [Conceptual Foundations of a Scientific and Methodological Approach to Geopolitical Analysis of International Innovation and Technology Cooperation]. Problemy ekonomiky – Problems of the economy, 1, рр. 36-42. doi: https://doi.org/10.32983/2222-0712-2020-1-36-42 [in Ukrainian].
  34. Pidorycheva, I.Yu. (2020). Innovation ecosystem of Pridneprovsky economic region: actors, their quality and completeness.Visnyk ekonomichnoi nauky Ukrainy, 1 (38), рр. 116-130. doi: https://doi.org/10.37405/1729-7206.2020.1(38).116-130 [in Ukrainian].
  35. Kharazishvili, Yu.M. (2019). Teoretychni zasady vyznachennia inno­vatsiinoho vnesku v ekonomichne zrostannia. [The theoretical basis for determining the innovative contribution to economic growth]. Upravlinnia ekonomikoiu: teoriia ta praktyka. Vosmi Chumachenkivski chytannia – Economic management: theory and practice. Eight Chumachenko readings. (рр. 12-22). Kyiv, ІІЕ of NAS of Ukraine. doi: https://doi.org/10.37405/2221-1187.2019.12-22 [in Ukrainian].
  36. Shylepnytskyi, P.I., Petrova, I.P. (2020). Mozhlyvosti publichno-pryvatnoho partnerstva dlia innovatsiinoho rozvytku promyslovosti [Opportunities for public-private partnership for innovative industrial development]. Infrastruktura rynku – Market infrastructure, Issue 47, рр. 56-61. doi: https://doi.org/10.32843/infrastruct47-10 [in Ukrainian].
  37. Yehorov, I. Yu., Boiko, O. M., Hryha, V. Yu. (2015). Industrialni parky v Ukraini: problemy stanovlennia ta perspektyvy rozvytku [Industrial parks in Ukraine: problems of formation and prospects of development]. Kyiv, N.p. [in Ukrainian].
  38. Huzhva, I. Yu. (2015). Ukraina v hlobalnii torhivli [Ukraine in global trade]. Kyiv, Zovnishnia torhivlia [in Ukrainian].
  39. Panchenko, V.H., Chmyr, O.S., Husiev, Yu. V., Pyla, V. I. (2013). Vitchyzniana praktyka ta svitovyi dosvid SEZ i TPR [Domestic practice and world experience of SEZ and TPR]. Kyiv – Dnipro, Vistka: Poster Prіnt [in Ukrainian].
  40. Fedulova, L. I. (2013). Napriamy rozvytku industrialnykh parkiv shchodo realizatsii innovatsiinoho potentsialu rehioniv Ukrainy [Directions of development of industrial parks concerning realization of innovative potential of regions of Ukraine]. Ekonomichni innovatsii – Economic innovations, Issue 53, рр. 296-305. Odessa, IPREED NAS of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].
  41. Chychyrenko, Yu.V., Kotko, O.K. (2014). Problemy stvorennia ta funktsionuvannia industrialnykh parkiv: analiz ta implementatsiia svitovoho dosvidu [Problems of creation and functioning of industrial parks: analysis and implementation of world experience]. Visnyk Akademii mytnoi sluzhby Ukrainy. Ser.: Ekonomika – Bulletin of the Academy of Customs Service of Ukraine. Ser.: Economics, 1, рр. 74-82 [in Ukrainian].
  42. Lekar, S.I. (2017). Mizhnarodni ta vitchyzniani realii funktsionuvannia industrialnykh parkiv [International and domestic realities of industrial parks functioning]. Ekonomika promyslovosti – Industrial economics, 1, рр. 8 [in Ukrainian].
  43. Marchyshynets. O.V., Marchyshynets. S.M. (2017). Industrialni parky yak instrument zaluchennia investytsii u realnyi sektor ekonomiky rehionu [Industrial parks as a tool for attracting investment in the real sector of the region’s economy]. Ekonomika i suspilstvo – Economy and society, Issue 9, рр. 16-22 [in Ukrainian].
  44. Halasiuk, V. V. (2018). Industrialni parky: svitovyi dosvid ta perspektyvy stvorennia v Ukraini [Industrial parks: world experience and prospects of creation in Ukraine]. Ekonomichnyi analiz – Economic analysis, Vol. 28, No. 1, рр. 40-50. Ternopil, Publishing and Printing Center of Ternopil National Economic University “Economic Thought” [in Ukrainian].
  45. Industrialni parky v Ukraini: shcho tse take i chy vdastsia yikh reanimuvaty [Industrial parks in Ukraine: what they are and whether they can be revived]. (2018. 18 July). Retrieved from https://mind.ua/publications/20186816-industrialni-parki-v-ukrayini-shcho-ce-take-i-chi-vdastsya-yih-reanimuvati [in Ukrainian].
  46. Economic Zones in the Asean: Industrial Parks, Special Economic Zones, Eco Industrial Parks, Innovation Districts as Strategies for Industrial Competitiveness. (2015). Retrieved from https://www.unido.org/sites/default/files/2015-08/UCO_Viet_Nam_Study_FINAL_0.pdf.
  47. Sai-Bodnar, L. (2016). Industrialni parky: novi mozhlyvosti [Industrial parks: new opportunities]. Visnyk. Ofitsiino pro podatky – Herald. Officially about taxes, 23(881). Retrieved from http://www.visnuk.com.ua/ru/pubs/id/9929 [in Ukrainian].
  48. Ivanov, S.V., Liashenko, V.I., Liashenko, A.Yu. (2020). Alhorytm formyrovanyia spetsialnoho rehuliatornoho rezhymu industrialnykh parkiv [Algorithm for the formation of a special regulatory regime of industrial parks]. Science, society, education: topical issues and development prospects: Proceedings of the 9th International scientific and practical conference. (рр. 288-296). Kharkiv, Ukraine [in Ukrainian].
  49. Ivanov, S.V., Liashenko, V.I., Liashenko, A.Yu. (2020). Vyznachennia prio­rytetiv ta pryntsypiv formuvannia spetsialnoho rezhymu hospodariuvannia indust­rialnykh parkiv [Determining the priorities and principles of forming a special regime of management of industrial parks]. Ekonomika v konteksti hlobalnykh zmin suspilstva – Economy in the context of global changes in society: Proceedings of the International scientific and practical conference. Dnipro, Perspektyva NGO [in Ukrainian].
  50. Liashenko, V.I., Liashenko, A.Yu. (2020). Spetsialnyi rehuliatornyi rezhym «yedynoho vikna» dlia industrialnykh parkiv: inozemnyi dosvid yak pryklad dlia Ukrainy [Special regulatory regime “single window” for industrial parks: foreign experience as an example for Ukraine]. Metody otsinky ta shliakhy stabilizatsii finansovo-ekonomichnoho stanu krain – Assessment methods and ways to stabilize the financial and economic condition of countries: Proceedings of the All-Ukrainian scientific and practical conference. (рр. 25-30). Kyiv, NGO “Kyiv Economic Research Center” [in Ukrainian].
  51. Liashenko, V.I., Liashenko, A.Yu. (2019). Podatkovi rezhymy indust­rialnykh parkiv: inozemnyi dosvid ta perspektyvy dlia Ukrainy [Tax regimes of industrial parks: foreign experience and prospects for Ukraine]. Upravlinnia publichnymy finansamy ta problemy zabezpechennia natsionalnoi ekonomichnoi bezpeky – Management of public finances and problems of ensuring national economic security: Proceedings of the Tax Congress. (рр. 60-64). Irpin, SFS University of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].
  52. Liashenko, V. I., Liashenko, A. Yu. (2019). Zarubizhnyi dosvid nadannia mytnykh pilh pidpryiemstvam-uchasnykam indu-strialnykh parkiv: vysnovky dlia Ukrainy [Foreign experience in providing customs benefits to enterprises participating in industrial parks: conclusions for Ukraine]. Ekonomichnyi visnyk Donbasu – Economic Herald of the Donbas, 1 (55), рр. 57-68. doi: https://doi.org/10.12958/1817-3772-2019-1(55)-57-68 [in Ukrainian].

Full Text .pdf