2020 16

Development of Forecasts of Export-Import Operations in the System of Foreign Economic Activity

О.S. Prokopyshyn,
Phd in Economics
ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7027-3499
e-mail: os378@ukr.net,
Lviv National Agrarian University, Dublyany

Citation Format
Prokopyshyn O.S. Development of Forecasts of Export-Import Operations in the System of Foreign Economic Activity. Management of Economy: Theory and Practice. Chumachenko’s Annalscollection of scientific papers / Institute of Industrial Economics of the NAS of Ukraine. Kyiv, 2020. P. 252-260. DOI: https://doi.org/10.37405/2221-1187.2020.252-260

Language
Ukrainian

Resume
At present, the problems of managing export-import operations in the system of foreign economic activity of enterprises of various industries are becoming especially relevant.
The article forecasts the indicators of export-import operations using the autoregression method. Calculations show an increase in exports and imports from European countries to Ukraine; volume of investments in foreign economic activity; reduction of the balance of export-import operations and the ratio between imports and exports.
It is proved that forecasting is an effective tool for planning foreign economic activity of economic entities, the application of which will facilitate the adoption of scientifically sound management decisions in the formation of plans for shipment to consumers, production programs and strategies for strategic development of enterprises; identification of reserves to increase the efficiency of the organization of international sales activities; optimization of the structure of export-import operations.

Keywords
export-import operations, export, import, balance, foreign economic activity, foreign trade, foreign trade balance, investments, forecasting, statistical methods, economic-mathematical modeling.

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