Integral estimation of efficiency of use of production component of potential of economic security of enterprise
Kopcha Yurii Yu.
National Aviation University
Kopcha Yu.Yu. Integral estimation of efficiency of use of production component of potential of economic security of enterprise. Management of Economy: Theory and Practice. Chumachenko’s Annals: collection of scientific papers / Institute of Industrial Economics of the NAS of Ukraine. Kyiv, 2019. P. 249-258. DOI: https://doi.org/10.37405/2221-1187.2019.249-258
It is noted that the constant and rapid change of environmental influences requires enterprises to identify and anticipate possible threats to their activities. This actualises the problem of timely assessing such a complex object as the potential for economic security, which is able to ensure continuity and rhythm of production and counterbalance the negative effects of individual factors, in some way to guarantee the preservation of such a complex socio-economic system as an enterprise. The purpose of the study is to develop an approach to assess the industrial component of economic security of enterprises. The methodological basis of the research are scientific works of the classics of economic science, work and publications of leading scientists and specialists on the problem of enterprise security management, combining theoretical and scientific methods: analysis, synthesis, theoretical and logical generalization. An approach is proposed to evaluate the production component of an enterprise’s economic security, which allows to characterize the level of production resource adequacy to ensure extended reproduction, identify the main aspects of the enterprise’s activity that negatively affect the potential of economic security and provide the most acceptable directions for its enhancement. Based on the regression analysis, a multifactor model for evaluating the production component of the enterprise’s economic security potential is constructed. The indexes of the regression statistics of the model are presented, which show that the relationship between the integral index of the production component of the potential of economic security of enterprises and its factor indicators is characterized as high, close to close. It is suggested to interpret the integral index on a Harrington scale, which allows to give the indicator a meaningful content. It is noted that in accordance with the criterion scale of assessment during 2013 – 2018 the values of the integral indicator of the production component of the economic security potential of the studied enterprises are decreasing. This reflects their lack of activity in the production activity, which creates the preconditions for the fall in the level of economic security potential, hinders the introduction of scientific and technological progress. It is substantiated that the successful functioning of the enterprise requires a rational system of measures to ensure its economic security, with the main risks associated with the production component of the economic security of the enterprise.
enterprise, integrated evaluation, efficiency, production component, potential for economic security.
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